Ayanis

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Ayanis tir ralma ke Urartu gazaxo. Ref lizuk tir yoltkiraf gu Ağartı Kalesı ise poke Ağartı wida, arte 35 km- lente Van koe ronefa Turka tigir. Ralma moe arestafa ventotsa arte 250 m- ticukon ice Van uzda tigir. Va vawa wal Tushpa is Erciş stujeyer. Bak -VII-eafa decemda moni -673 AGJ gazon gu Rusa II zo zabduyur ise gu Rusahinili Eidoru kaiwid lente Eiduru mefta ) zo yoltayar enide gu milyoltafi Rusahinili ( Toprakkale ) zo waltrakuyur. Ayanis tiyir tana ralmapa ke Urartu ise lanedje dace tiyir kelu. Moe raporafa venta zo vegeduyur ise welma tiyir vas 400 x 150 m- vawale folkayenafa migexa. Gan ruftacek moni -650 AGJ ape zo vilayar aze me di zo malvegeduyur.

Joxara

Joxara remi 1989-1997 gadenon gan Altan Çilingiroğlu ke Ege kotla zo skuyud. Ke kosmakseem, tanoy rasekdopewa ( susi ) ziliyayana pu Haldi gazaf lorik zo divsidayar. Tan kosuteks ke bata dopewa va wetara va namulol poron gu Šelardi lorik va tael dere miwar. [1] Joxara va koak ke ralma nelkon avplekuyud. Batvieli welma ke seg vas mon 10% anton zo divsidayar. [2] Kosuteks tigis keve kolanixo ke brivakirafa dopewa tir tan losavsaf grupen ke Urartu. Koe burgifa elega zo balumayar. [3]

Rusa kalir : « Bata venta tiyir plek, mecoba ayafa batvieli tigiyir. Va tumtaxo is ralma kotunon al vegedú, va warzafo voraxo isu iltaalxo al taplekú ise va boniaxo al zabdú. ~ Tena ke kosuteks tir dem gubefa rotapsara kev bettan co relvas va yolt ke Rusa is ikaon co plekus va dilintaf. ~ Haldi is lorik va ugal is awalt va in kalvilatad !!»

Bal joxas tawuk bak idulugal ke 2008, woz kum varon moava satcon zo kosmayar. Ape tiyir digiks ke gazikya ke Urartu, rotir ke yerumanik ke Rusa II gazik.

Vegeduropa

Norkafa rebava moe raporaf cofuot dem legeja ilbodeyena koe pist dayked. [4] Vageeon, cofuot tid kum burgi, i kum albualban ugot ke vegeduropik ke Urartu. Kolanixo vageroneon tigir ise gan toloy rasek zo korojuyur. Kosuteks keve tuvel va Rusa nazbeikye ke Argishti wetce vegedusik va ralma lente Eidoru mefta yoltar. Lorafa poraca is wetara va sulem mu ina zo sopuyud. [5]

Stragela

  • A. Çilingiroğlu: Ayanıs. An Iron Age Site in the East. In: S. R. Steadman, G. McMahon: The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia 10‘000-323 B.C.E. Oxford 2011.
  • A. Çilingiroğlu: Ayanıs Fortress. In: K. Köroğlu, E. Konyar (Hrsg.): Urartu. Transformation in the East. Istanbul 2011, S. 338–363.
  • A. Çilingiroğlu: Recent Excavations at the Urartian Fortress of Ayanıs. In: A. T. Smith, K. S. Rubinson (Hrsg.): Archaeology in the Borderlands. Investigations in Caucasia and Beyond. Los Angeles 2003, S. 197–212.
  • A. Çilingiroğlu, M. Salvini: Ayanıs I. Ten Years’ Excavations at Rusaḫinili Eiduru-kai 1989–1998. Rom 2001.
  • A. Çilingiroğlu, M. Salvini: Rusaḫinili in Front of Mount Eiduru. The Urartian Fortress of Ayanıs (7th Century B. C.). In: Studi micenei ed egeo-anatolici(SMEA). 35, 1995, S. 111–124.
  • A. Çilingiroğlu: Decorated stone vessels from the Urartian fortress of Ayanıs. In: Tel Aviv. 21, 1994, S. 68–76.
  • A. Çilingiroǧlu, M. Salvini: When Was the Castle of Ayanıs Built and What Is the Meaning of the Word 'Šuri'? In: A. Çilingiroǧlu (Hrsg.): Proceedings of the Fourth Anatolian Iron Ages Colloquium held at Mersin, 19-23 May 1997. London 1999, S. 55–60.
  • Z. Derin: Potters' Marks of Ayanıs Citadel, Van. In: A. Çilingiroǧlu (Hrsg.): Proceedings of the Fourth Anatolian Iron Ages colloquium, Mersin, 19-23 May 1997. London 1999, S. 81–100.
  • A. Ü. Erdem, A. Batmaz: Contributions of the Ayanis Fortress to Iron Age Chronology. In: Ancient Near Eastern Studies (ANES). 45, 2008, S. 65–84.
  • U. Hellwag: LÚA.ZUM-li versus LÚA.NIN-li. Some Thought on the Owner of the so-called Prinzensiegel at Rusa II’s Court. In: A. Çilingiroǧlu, G. Darbyshire (Hrsg.): Proceedings of the Fifth Anatolian Iron Ages Colloquium held at Van, 6-10 August 2001. London 2005.
  • M. W. Newton, P. I. Kuniholm: A Revised Dendrochronological Date for the Fortress of Rusa II at Ayanıs: Rusaḫinili Eiduru-kai. In: A. Çilingiroǧlu, A. Sagona (Hrsg.): The Proceedings of the Sixth Anatolian Iron Ages Colloquium held at Eskişehir, 16-20 August 2004. Leuven 2007, S. 195–206.

Vuestexa

  1. Zafer Derin: Potters’ Marks of Ayanıs Citadel, Van. In: Anatolian Studies. 49, 1999, bu 85.
  2. Altan Çilingiroǧlu: Recent excavations a the Uratian Fortress of Ayanis. In: Adam T. Smith, Karen S. Rubinson: Archaeology in the Borderlands. bu 201.
  3. Altan Çilingiroǧlu: Recent excavations a the Uratian Fortress of Ayanis. In: Adam T. Smith, Karen S. Rubinson: Archaeology in the Borderlands. bu 205.
  4. Altan Çilingiroǧlu: Recent excavations a the Uratian Fortress of Ayanis. In: Adam T. Smith, Karen S. Rubinson: Archaeology in the Borderlands. bu 177.
  5. Altan Çilingiroǧlu: Recent excavations a the Uratian Fortress of Ayanis. In: Adam T. Smith, Karen S. Rubinson: Archaeology in the Borderlands. bu 208.
Ayanis
Defaut avk.png
DEBALA
Debala Vema ke Alaköy, Van winka
Turka   Flag of Turkey.svg
Maneka OOjs UI icon mapPin-progressive.svg 38° 42′ 29" L-, 43° 12′ 40" R-
KIRA
Ord Urartu ralma
Welma 0.06 km²
IZVA
Zabdura ≈ -673 AGJ
Jovlera ≈ -650 AGJ
Ayafe sare Urartu, Azilugal
P Parthenon 2.svg  Tuveli icde Izvopa  P Parthenon 2.svg
Urartu extension.svg Urartu Chariot D.jpg Urartu : savsugalafo gazaxo ke Pokefa Lenteka  Van Fortress From Northwest.JPG
Gazik

ArameLutipriSarduri IIshpuiniMenuaArgishti ISarduri IIRusa IArgishti IIRusa IISarduri IIISarduri IVErimenaRusa IIIRusa IV

Debak

AltıntepeArgishtikhiniliArzashkunAyanisBastamErebuniRusahiniliSardurihiniliTeishebaniTushpa

Lorik

ArubaniHaldiHubaShiviniTeishebaTushpuea

Araya

UrartuavaAlkaYamba