Julfa

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Awalkikxo ke Julfaarmenavon Ջուղայի գերեզման ; Cuğa nekropolu azeravon ) tiyir armenafo awalkikxo tigiso talte Julfa widava koe Nakhichevan winka ke refa Azera jowon ice Irana. Bato awalkikxo tiyir telo logijafo dem xatckar atcom ke izvafa Armena, ruldaso vas 10000 olkoy titi XX-eafa decemda nek ware 3000 moi vilara. Lo atcom tiyid ontinaf is vwepaf kum keraf drelk, evlon gu tena ke XVI-eafa decemda ik toza ke XVII-eafa, ise warzeks ke aptolafa serna. Awalkikxo bak 1998 ik 2005 gan Azera zo kalvilayar.

Debala[betara | va krent betá]

Lizuk ke awalkikxo poke talteon Julfa widava [1] koe Nakhichevan winka ke refa Azera jowon ice Irana tigir [2], i koe Vaspurakan izvafa winka ke Armena. Welmot ke awalkikxo tiyir vas 1.6 decemiray, moe baroyi kesi kale Aras kuksa.[1]

Awalkikxo dem xatckar atcom[betara | va krent betá]

Bato awalkikxo tiyir telo logijafo ke izvafa Armena [3] ( dem kunoy atcom titi XX-eafa decemda ) [4]. Lo xatckar atcom tiyid ontinaf is vwepaf kum keraf drelk, evlon gu tena ke XVI-eafa decemda ik toza ke XVII-eafa, ise warzeks ke aptolafa serna.[5] Neken tel losavsaf olkoy tiyir evlaf gu 1160 [6] isen konakar ke tena ke XV-eafa decemda.[7] Tel lojotaf olkoy bak XVIII-eafa decemda zo skuyud.[8]

Xatckar atcom nendoyen koe Echmiadzin
2014 Prowincja Armawir, Wagharszapat, Chaczkar z 1576 roku ze zniszczonego cmentarza w Dżulfie.JPG
2014 Prowincja Armawir, Wagharszapat, Chaczkar z 1602 roku ze zniszczonego cmentarza w Dżulfie.JPG
Khatchkar from Jugha-2.jpg
Jugha-khachkar-CIMG1581.JPG
Khachkar from Old Djugha 1602 img 6933.jpg
Moni 1576
Moni 1602
Xatckar balumayan bak 1601 [9]
Xatckar balumayan bak 1602 ( talteon ) is 1603 ( roneon )
Xatckar ke Yovhannes oluik, balumayan bak 1602 gan Grigor [10]

Vilara[betara | va krent betá]

Levvilara va awalkikxo kaiki sovietafa rekola bak 1998 zo bokayar viele 800 xatckar atcom zo vilayad. Kevotcera ke UNESCO grustaks azavzayar.[11] Neken awalkikxo bak 2002 ik 2005 koton zo tipoker [3], bal « vilasa sopera azedeyena gan bowere ke Azera » wanuyayana male iranafa jowa.[12] Bata vilara tir lan pak ke azerafa sugara va relvara va izvafa armenafa tigira koe Nakhichevan winka.[13][14]

Nekev merotaklena wazdexa bowere ke Azera meuckur, isen Ilham Aliyev taneagadesik va koridara gu rotuxadara is pistolera duvur.[15]

Dere rupec[betara | va krent betá]

Vuestexa[betara | va krent betá]

  1. 1,0 et 1,1 « The History and Art of the Djulfa Cemetery », dene Djulfa Virtual Memorial and Museum
  2. Jurgis Baltrušaitis is Dickran Kouymjian, « Julfa on the Arax and its funerary monuments », koe Dickran Kouymjian, Armenian Studies — Études arméniennes in memoriam Haïg Berbérian, Calouste Gilbenkian Foundation, Lisboa, 1986, bu 9-10, internetxo
  3. 3,0 et 3,1 Jannic Durand, Ioanna Rapti is Dorota Giovannoni, Armenia sacra — Mémoire chrétienne des Arméniens (IVe – XVIIIe siècle), Somogy / Musée du Louvre, Paris, 2007 (ISBN 978-2-7572-0066-7), bu 160
  4. Jannic Durand, Ioanna Rapti is Dorota Giovannoni, op. cit., bu 314
  5. Patrick Donabédian is Jean-Michel Thierry, Les arts arméniens, Ed. Mazenod, Paris, 1987 (ISBN 2-85088-017-5), bu 313
  6. Jannic Durand, Ioanna Rapti is Dorota Giovannoni, op. cit., bu 371
  7. Jannic Durand, Ioanna Rapti is Dorota Giovannoni, op. cit., bu 370
  8. Levon Azarian, Խաչքարեր / Хачкары / Armenian Khatchkars, Ed. Erebuni, Yerevan, 1978 (ASIN B000TD1OSK), bu 31
  9. Patrick Donabédian is Jean-Michel Thierry, Les arts arméniens, Ed. Mazenod, Paris, 1987 (ISBN 2-85088-017-5), bu 434.
  10. (hy+ru+en) Levon Azarian, Խաչքարեր / Хачкары / Armenian Khatchkars, Ed. Erebuni, Yerevan, 1978 (ASIN B000TD1OSK), bu 196
  11. ICOMOS World Report 2002-2003 on monuments and sites in danger (« Azerbaijan ») dene ICOMOS
  12. Gabriella Uluhogian, Boghos Levon Zekiyan, Vartan Karapetian, Arménie : Impressions d'une civilisation, Skira, Milano, 2011 (ISBN 978-88-572-1245-6), bu 75
  13. Sarah Pickman, « Tragedy on the Araxes » dene Archaelogy, 30/06/2006
  14. Jean-Christophe Buisson, « Le nouveau martyre des Arméniens », Le Figaro,‎ 24/12/2020, bu 2 Le Figaro
  15. IWPR staff, « Azerbaijan: Famous Medieval Cemetery Vanishes », dene IWPR, 27/04/2006

  • (hy+ru+en) Levon Azarian, Խաչքարեր / Хачкары / Armenian Khatchkars, Ed. Erebuni, Yerevan, 1978 (ASIN B000TD1OSK)
  • (en) Jurgis Baltrušaitis is Dickran Kouymjian, « Julfa on the Arax and its funerary monuments », koe Dickran Kouymjian, Armenian Studies — Études arméniennes in memoriam Haïg Berbérian, Calouste Gilbenkian Foundation, Lisboa, 1986, bu 9-53, internetxo

Awalkikxo ke Julfa
Ջուղայի գերեզման (hy)
Wiks va awalkikxo bak 1915
DEBALA
Debala Julfa, Nakhichevan winka
Azera   Flag of Azerbaijan.svg
Maneka OOjs UI icon mapPin-progressive.svg 38° 58′ 27" L-, 45° 33′ 53" R-
KIRA
Ord Awalkikxo dem xatckar atcom
Welma 0.16 km²
IZVA
Zabdura ≈ XII-eafa decemda
Jovlera XVIII-eafa decemda
Ayafe sare Mialukugal, Witugal
P Parthenon 2.svg  Tuveli icde Izvopa  P Parthenon 2.svg
Nuvola 2.0+ Sculpture.svg  Tuveli icde Yamba  Nuvola 2.0+ Sculpture.svg